Habitat: African Spurred Tortoise (Geochelone sulcata) or Sulcata,It is native from Africa Southern Sahara desert region ranging from Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia.
Sulcata is the third largest tortoise after Galapagos and Aldabra tortoise.The shell length ranges up to 40 cm to 70cm and at least 45 kg in weight. sulcata tortoises do not hibernate during the winter in their native environment because the winter is a dry season. If you live somewhere that has cold, snowy winters, you must be able to provide large area with appropriate heat and UVB light), It is very important to provide UVB and heat for your sulcata.They can not live with cold weather they will die especially for baby sulcata or juvenile.The appropriate temperature for sulcata is (25c - 32c).
Life Span : They can live a long time If taken care of properly a Sulcata tortoise can live up to 70 years or more.
Let the sulcata tortoise soak at least twice a week but remember must be in a sunny weather.otherwise they will sick.The water should be comfortably warm -- but not hot. The water level should be no deeper than the base of the tort's neck. Your tortoise may poop when placed into warm water, so be prepared to change the water at least once during each soak. Soaking time can range from 10 minutes to 20 minutes -- just don't let the water cool down too much. After the soak, dry the tortoise off with paper towels before you put it back into the cage.
Substrate: Sulcata tortoises like to dig and burrow. It is very important to provide the tortoise something that they can burrow in. A mix of 50% sterile play sand and a 50% organic soil works well. Hay with newspaper can also be used. Other suitable substrates are alfalfa pellets, aspen particles.I used a newspaper for my sulcata because it is very simple to clean.
Diet: Sulcatas tortoises are grazers and need high fiber and low protein diet. Mixed grasses, orchard hay, timothy hay, opuntia cactus and berries, hibiscus leaves and flowers dandelion greens and flower, and red leaf lettuce. You can also give mulberry leaves and grape leaves in limited quantities. Animal protein should be avoided because it can cause abnormal shell which is call pyramiding. Sulcata hatchlings and juveniles grow rapidly, so they need additional calcium in their diets along with daily exposure to the UV radiation in sunlight.Lack of calcium can cause
the shell soft.
Maintenance: The enclosure should be spot cleaned daily, replace the newspaper as a substrate everyday to keep the sulcata health.